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​Dr. Ian Christopher Levy

(Ph.D. Marquette University, 1997). He teaches and publishes in the area of Historical Theology.



Dr. Levy’s principal fields of research are medieval biblical exegesis, sacraments, and ecclesiology. He is especially interested in the role of authority and tradition in the determination of Catholic doctrine.

Selected Publications

  • John Wyclif's Theology of the Eucharist in Its Medieval Context: Revised & Expanded Edition of: Scriptural Logic, Real Presence, and the Parameters of Orthodoxy (Marquette, 2014).
  • Nicholas of Cusa and Islam: Polemic and Dialogue in the Late Middle Ages, editor with Rita George-Tvrtkovic and Donald Duclow (Brill, 2014).
  • "Bruno the Carthusian: Theology and Reform in His Commentary on the Pauline Epistles," Analecta Cartusiana 300 (2013): 5-61.
  • The Bible in Medieval Tradition: The Letter to the Romans, with Philip Krey and Thomas Ryan (Eerdmans, 2013).
  • Holy Scripture and the Quest for Authority at the End of the Middle Ages (Notre Dame, 2012).
  • The Bible in Medieval Tradition: The Letter to the Galatians (Eerdmans, 2011).
  • A Companion to the Eucharist in the Middle Ages, editor with Gary Macy and Kristen van Ausdall. (Brill, 2011).
  • A Companion to John Wyclif: Late Medieval Theologian, editor. (Brill, 2006/2011).
  • John Wyclif: Scriptural Logic, Real Presence, and the Parameters of Orthodoxy (Marquette, 2003).
  • "Authentic Tradition and the Right to Dissent: William of Ockham and the Eucharist," American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2012): 457-485.
  • “Wyclif Contextualized—Magister Sacrae Paginae,” in Wycliffite Controversies, ed. Mishtooni Bose and Patrick Hornbeck (Brepols, 2011): 33-57.
  • “Flexible Conceptions of Scriptural and Extra-Scriptural Authority among Franciscan Theologians around the Time of Ockham,” Franciscan Studies 69 (2011): 285-342.
  • “The Eucharist in Canon Law,” in A Companion to the Eucharist in the Middle Ages, ed. G. Macy, K. van Ausdall, I. C. Levy (Brill, 2011): 399-445.
  • “Holy Scripture and the Quest for Authority among Three Late Medieval Masters,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 61 (2010): 40-68
  • “The Literal Sense of Scripture and the Search for Truth in the Late Middle Ages,” Revue D’Histoire Ecclésiastique 104  (2009): 783-827.
  • “Guido Terreni: Reading Holy Scripture within the Sacred Tradition,” Carmelus 56 (2009): 73-106.
  • “Thomas Netter on the Eucharist,” in Thomas Netter of Walden: Carmelite, Diplomat and Theologian, ed. Johann Bergström-Allen and Richard Copsey (Saint Albert's Press, 2009), 273-314.
  • “Trinity and Christology in Haimo of Auxerre’s Pauline Commentaries,” in The Multiple Meaning of Scripture, ed. Ineke van’t Spijker (Brill, 2009): 101-123.
  • “John Wyclif and the Primitive Papacy,” Viator 38 (2007): 159-189.
  • “John Wyclif on Papal Election, Correction, and Deposition,” Mediaeval Studies 69 (2007): 141-185.
  • “John Wyclif and the Christian Life,” in A Companion to John Wyclif: Late Medieval Theologian, ed. I. C. Levy (Brill, 2006/2011): 292-363.
  • “Grace and Freedom in the Soteriology of John Wyclif,” Traditio 60 (2005): 279-337.
  • “John Wyclif: Christian Patience in a Time of War.” Theological Studies 66 (2005): 330-357.
  • “John Wyclif’s Neoplatonic View of Scripture in its Christological Context,” Medieval Philosophy and Theology  11 (2003): 227-240.
  • “Defining the Responsibilities of the Late Medieval Theologian: The Debate between John Kynyngham and John Wyclif,” Carmelus 49 (2002): 5-29.
  • John Wyclif’s On the Truth of Holy Scripture. Translation with Introduction and Notes. Kalamazoo, Michigan: Medieval Institute Publications, 2001.
  • “Useful Foils: Lessons Learned from Jews in John Wyclif’s Call for Church Reform,” Medieval Encounters 7 (July 2001): 125-145.
  • “Was John Wyclif’s Theology of the Eucharist Donatistic?,” Scottish Journal of Theology 53 (2000): 137-153.
  • “Christus qui mentiri non potest: John Wyclif’s Rejection of Transubstantiation,” Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales 66 (1999): 316-334.
  • “John Wyclif and Augustinian Realism,” Augustiniana 48 (1998): 87-106.
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