The laboratory is currently working on two projects. Both focus on the development of an animal model of human psychopathology. Models of this type can allow us to develop a better understanding of the basic physiological and environmental factors that elicit and maintain pathological fear, stress and anxiety.
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI)
NSSI refers to deliberate self inflicted destruction of bodily tissues in which the injurer does not intend to commit suicide. This dangerous behavior has become increasingly common and for the past 3 years has been a primary focus of our laboratory.
The lab is currently carrying out projects in the development of a model of NSSI that hopes to elucidate the way in which stress can elicit self-injury. The project, funded by the NIH, has resulted in two publications and several presentations.
Phobia, the overwhelming fear of a specific object or situation, is one of the most common self-reported psychopathologies. Since the 1920's, psychologists have focused on the way in which both classical and operant conditioning may contribute to the development of phobias. The animal models devised, focusing primarily on avoidance paradigms, have been fairly criticized for their inability to truly represent the human phobic. Our laboratory is currently working on a reformulation of the fear conditioning paradigm used to model human phobia. We believe that our new model more closely represents the human phobic and answers the many criticisms of previous conditioning models.
A selection of our presentations and publications
Sheehan, K., VanReet, J., & Bloom, C.M. (2012) Measuring pre-schoolers' superstitious tendencies. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2012.07.005
Bloom, C. M., Holly, S., & Miller, A. (2012). Self-injurious behavior vs. non-
suicidal self-injury: The CNS stimulant pemoline as a model of self-destructive behavior. Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention, 33(2), 106-112. doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000127
Bloom, C.M. & Holly, S. (2011). Towards new avenues in the treatment of non-suicidal self-injury. The Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 24(5), 472-477. doi: 10.1177/0897190011422877
Palladino, J.P., Bloom, C.M. (2007). Motivation & Emotion. In W.F. Buskist & S.F. Davis (Eds.), 21st Century Psychology.
Bloom, C., Dyche, J., & Davenport, D.G. (2011). Phobias: Discriminated punishment vs. avoidance. Presentation accepted for the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, APS, Washington, DC.
Bloom, C., Sheehan, K., Dell’Isola, R., Klakoskaia, D., Hou, S., & Blumenthal, B. (2011). The role of environmental stressors in stimulant elicited self-injury. Presentation accepted for the meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, APS, Washington, DC.
Bloom, C. M., Miller, A., Pucino, D., Sheinte, J., Wante, K., & Holly, S. (2010). Conditioned Fear in an Animal Model of Self-Injurious Behavior. Poster accepted for presentation at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Sciences, APS, Boston, MA.
Bloom, C. M., Miller, A., Pucino, D., Sheinte, J., Wante, K., & Holly, S. (2010). Self-injurious behavior vs. Non-suicidal self-injury: The CNS stimulant Pemoline as a model of self-destructive behavior. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association, EPA, Brooklyn, NY.